Victoria ignores police calls for offence to replace public drunkenness | Victoria
The daughter of Tanya Day, who died in custody after being arrested for being drunk on a train, has welcomed a decision by the Victorian government not to replace the state’s public intoxication laws with new move-on powers, despite opposition from the police union.
The government on Tuesday confirmed it would not give police any new powers to arrest people for being drunk in public once the existing offence is decriminalised in November 2023.
The Police Association has argued it would be “negligent and reckless” to decriminalise public drunkenness without enacting other laws to “keep people safe”.
However, Day’s daughter, Apryl, welcomed the government’s commitment not to replace public intoxication with police move-on powers.
“It’s the first time across the nation that a jurisdiction has made a commitment to true decriminalisation, which I think is a really powerful moment,” she told Guardian Australia.
The government committed to repealing public drunkenness as a crime in 2019, amid the coronial inquest into the death of Day, but the implementation of a health-based response to replace the offence was delayed 12 months due to Covid-19.
The 55-year-old Yorta Yorta woman had fallen asleep on a train from Bendigo to Melbourne when she was arrested for public drunkenness and taken to a police station in Castlemaine. She hit her head at least five times in a holding cell while unattended and died in hospital from a brain haemorrhage about three weeks later.
Victoria’s attorney-general Jaclyn Symes on Tuesday said the reform would not be “perfect” but said would provide the “best outcome for the most amount of people.”
“The main reason to decriminalise public intoxication is to ensure that people who are drunk aren’t sobering up in police cells. We know that there’s a disproportionate impact on our Aboriginal community,” she told reporters.
“We have Aboriginal people who are arrested for the sole offence of being drunk in public and that is causing immense trauma and in some instances we know has resulted in people dying.”
Police Association secretary, Wayne Gatt, said no other state or territory that has decriminalised public drunkenness has taken such a “cavalier approach with the safety of its community”.
“Decriminalising public drunkenness, of itself, is not a dangerous reform,” Gatt said in a statement.
“What is dangerous however, is to do so without maintaining the safety net that would provide police with a means to manage people in the community that do not consent to a health response or where a health response is simply not available.”
However, Symes stressed the reform would not dilute further police’s powers.
“Police will still have the option of stepping in when somebody is disturbing the peace, causing a scene or concerns about violent behaviour,” she said.
Day also dismissed the union’s comments, saying police were yet to acknowledge the role they played in her mother’s death.
The Victorian coroner in 2020 concluded police officers had failed to adequately check Tanya Day’s safety and wellbeing, finding an indictable offence may have been committed. No charges have been laid over the death.
“At the end of the day, what happened to Mum has happened on the police’s watch, with the current police powers that they have,” she said.
“There is still no commitment to true independent oversight and accountability of the police and to ensure that what happened to Mum doesn’t happen again.
“They actually have more of a care factor around their police powers being stripped than they do the lives of Aboriginal people and the deaths in custody that are occurring within Victoria.”
Victoria and Queensland are the only jurisdictions in Australia to still have a specific offence for public drunkenness, which the 1991 royal commission into Aboriginal deaths in custody found had disproportionately affected Indigenous people, and recommended that it be abolished.
Of the 99 deaths investigated in the commission, 35% involved Aboriginal people who were detained in relation to public intoxication.
Public drunkenness laws were repealed in NSW in 1979, but were effectively rolled into the state’s move-on laws. Symes said Victoria had learnt from other jurisdictions that creating back-up powers “undermines the whole purpose of decriminalisation.”
Nerita Waight, the chief executive at the Victorian Aboriginal Legal Service, said about 30-40 Aboriginal people a month continue to be arrested in the state for being drunk in public.
She said the government’s decision to ensure police will not have new powers to respond to public intoxication is the “right” one and will have “a huge positive impact for overpoliced Aboriginal communities as well as other vulnerable communities across Victoria”.